IT and Cyber Security degrees are somewhat new. Originally, it started as a specialty degree for those who work in the government or as defense contractors. However, in the current times most industries expect this type of knowledge. According to Norton, “Cyber security is the state or process of protecting and recovering networks, devices, and programs from any type of cyberattack (Norton, n.d.).” It is an ever-changing field that can be a foundation for several careers in many different sectors.
Chief Information Security Officer
The chief information security officer, or CISO, is an executive who oversees a company’s IT security. They work with their team to plan, coordinate, and direct all network, computer, and data security needs. (Learn How to Become, n.d.). This person works with other members of management to create a cyber security plan customized to the company’s needs.
IT Security Consultant
An IT security consultant works typically as an independent contractor. They identify weak spots in a company’s IT system. They then learn how to defend it from cyber threats. The knowledge needed for this position is always changing with the advent of new IT threats. (CNN, n.d.) A security consultant has to continually block intruders and other threats. For Example Trojan horses, viruses, and other attacks.
This is one job that can be quite exciting. You work as an ethical hacker and test systems to see what security issues you can find. You simulate cyber-attacks and then submit your findings. Along with ways that the company can protect themselves. From social engineering to security administration, a penetration tester must have a wide variety of hands-on skills to be successful at this job.
A forensics expert analyzes different computer systems. They rebuild a compromised system. They may also testify in legal cases. Those cases include information that has been removed from a computer system. This can consist of not only hard drives, but also electronic documents and files, such as emails and photos. “A digital forensics examiner does many things. Such as protects the computer system, like recovers files (including those that were deleted are encrypted). They also analyze data found on various disks, and provide reports and feedback,” writes CriminalJusticeDegreeSchools.com (Criminal Justice Degree Schools, n.d.).
Cyber Crime Investigator
A cybercrime investigator is just that – someone who investigates how systems were breached. An investigator examines and explores a system to try to determine who is responsible for a data breach – in combination with a forensic expert (Security Degree Hub, n.d.). This position takes someone sharp about computer systems. They do so to prevent systems that can be threatened.
One of the most significant ways to keep your data safe is a well-structured network. A network administrator is responsible for structuring, maintaining, and upgrading network equipment. For the most part this is done to be sure it is as safe as possible. This administrator can have a team or do it on their own. Of course this depends upon the size of the company.
As you can see, IT and cyber security jobs can range in nature from investigators to consultants to administrators and more. From small to large businesses and organizations, almost any company needs some type of cyber security professional on staff. Protecting systems, networks, computers, and data storage is essential to keeping your information safe and secure. Therefore, be a part of this world by getting your online IT and Cyber Security degree.
By: Janis Rodgers