From a certificate to a doctoral degree, counseling education and school counseling and guidance services have a program suitable for every individual?s career goals. It?s a program that prepares individuals to apply the theory and principles of guidance and counseling to promote achievement and social and personal development among students. There are a few basic skills an individual would need to be competent in to enter this field: reading comprehension, active listening, problem solving, critical thinking, writing, and learning strategies. Counselor education and school counseling and guidance services include instruction in legal and professional requirements, student development, psychology, therapeutic counselor intervention, and career counseling. All school counselors must be credentialed, which most often requires a master?s degree.
Counselors support the personal, social, educational, and vocational development of students, and their services can be found in elementary, middle, and secondary educational institutions. Each child has his or her own issues, so counselors must be able to adapt and personalize solutions. Counselors must also maintain accurate and complete data on each student as required by law. The data gathered helps assess student needs, is the foundation for establishing workable goals, and measures the results of guidance and counseling activities to determine effectiveness, or the lack of.